Because every person is a unique individual physically, physiologically, and emotionally, no single massage modality will be the right one for everyone. A skilled massage therapist will possess experience in more than one type of massage and should be able to advise each client on the optimum method or methods suitable for his or her situation.
The traditional type of massage you are likely to encounter in most Western-style spas is Swedish massage. This modality promotes calm and relaxation but also boosts circulation and aids in reducing tension throughout the muscles. Swedish massage features a set of five basic touch techniques: the kneading motions of petrissage; the gliding, drawn-out strokes of effleurage; the tapping motion of tapotement; friction; and vibration.
Trigger-point massage concentrates on painful areas of tightened muscles using cyclical motions that alternately apply pressure and release.
Deep-tissue massage aims to reduce inflammation and pain and to relieve chronic tension, through connecting with underlying muscles and connective tissue.
Sports massage focuses on the special needs of athletes and other active individuals. Rather than concentrating on relaxation, it attempts to utilize a mix of massage techniques to promote increased fitness, build the body’s ability to withstand injury, and treat sports-related injuries.
Thai massage may be a good choice for people who love yoga. This ancient modality, often called a kind of passive yoga, is performed on a mat resting on the floor. The therapist combines deep stretching of the body with gentle motions designed to compress the muscles along a set of energy lines. A skilled practitioner will tailor each Thai massage to the individual client’s current physical condition and wellness goals.
A good massage therapist will learn a variety of techniques over the course of his or her professional career and will provide increased value to clients by adding new forms of massage to any basic repertoire.